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ransomware

lunavara

olemus
kahjurvara, enamasti troojan:
- rikub nakatatud süsteemi käideldavust,
näiteks failide krüpteerimise teel
- võib teeselda mingi kahjurkoodi avastamist
- nõuab käideldavuse taastamise
või "kahjurkoodi kõrvaldamise" eest lunaraha

lukustuspilte
https://www.vectorstock.com/royalty-free-vectors/ransomware-attack-vectors

statistikat
http://invenioit.com/security/ransomware-statistics-2016/

ülevaateid
https://www.datto.com/blog/common-types-of-ransomware

https://www.kaspersky.com/resource-center/threats/ransomware-attacks-and-types

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ransomware

https://www.checkpoint.com/downloads/products/ransomware-trends-prevention-and-response-whitepaper.pdf

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40163-019-0097-9

https://thehackernews.com/2021/02/everything-you-need-to-know-about.html

näiteid
- Reveton (2012)
https://krebsonsecurity.com/2012/08/inside-a-reveton-ransomware-operation/
- CryptoLocker (2013)
CryptoLocker
- Cryptowall (2014)
https://www.varonis.com/blog/cryptowall/
- TorrentLocker (2014)
https://www.welivesecurity.com/2014/12/16/torrentlocker-racketeering-ransomware-disassembled-by-eset-experts/
- Chimera (2015)
https://blog.malwarebytes.com/threat-analysis/2015/12/inside-chimera-ransomware-the-first-doxingware-in-wild/
- TeslaCrypt (2015)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TeslaCrypt
- SamSam (2016)
https://us-cert.cisa.gov/ncas/alerts/AA18-337A
- Jigsaw (2016)
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/jigsaw-ransomware-plays-games-victims/
- Petya and Mischa (2016)
https://blog.malwarebytes.com/threat-analysis/2016/05/petya-and-mischa-ransomware-duet-p1/
- Cerber (2016)
https://blog.malwarebytes.com/threat-analysis/2016/03/cerber-ransomware-new-but-mature/
- CryLocker (2016)
https://www.enigmasoftware.com/crylocker-ransomware-mysteriously-tracking-via-imgur-google-maps-pastee/
- HDDCryptor (2016)
http://blog.trendmicro.com/trendlabs-security-intelligence/bksod-by-ransomware-hddcryptor-uses-commercial-tools-to-encrypt-network-shares-and-lock-hdds/
- Locky (2016)
https://nakedsecurity.sophos.com/2016/02/17/locky-ransomware-what-you-need-to-know/
- KillDisk (2016)
https://securingtomorrow.mcafee.com/mcafee-labs/analyzing-killdisk-ransomware-part-1-whitelisting/
- WannaCry (2017)
WannaCry

tõrje
https://www.vmware.com/content/dam/digitalmarketing/vmware/en/pdf/docs/vmwcb-inforgraphic-defense-in-depth-17-keys-to-protect-against-ransomware.pdf

https://csrc.nist.gov/CSRC/media/Projects/ransomware-protection-and-response/documents/NIST_Tips_for_Preparing_for_Ransomware_Attacks.pdf

https://www.trendmicro.com/vinfo/tr/security/news/cybercrime-and-digital-threats/best-practices-ransomware

https://www.fireeye.com/content/dam/fireeye-www/current-threats/pdfs/wp-ransomware-protection-and-containment-strategies.pdf

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/misy/2016/2946735/?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=HDW_MRKT_GBL_SUB_ADWO_PAI_DYNA_JOUR_X&gclid=EAIaIQobChMIwv7Zi-Od5QIVjBsYCh0PrAYfEAMYAyAAEgLMi_D_BwE

https://www.pcmag.com/roundup/353231/the-best-ransomware-protection

https://www.dnsstuff.com/ransomware-protection

vt ka
- lunavara teenusena